Dear esteem reader,
Here is your SHAB TECHNOLOGY PLANET customized technology news for April 01, 2021.
Spotlight Stories Headlines
🗞 TECHNOLOGY NEWS💻🔧🖥:
HAPPY NEW MONTH OF CREATIVITIES
SHAB TECHNOLOGY PLANET wishes all a new season of more creativities.
EXPLORING THE IMPACT OF BROADER IMPACT REQUIREMENTS FOR AI GOVERNANCE
As machine learning algorithms and other artificial intelligence (AI) tools become increasingly widespread, some governments and institutions have started introducing regulations aimed at ensuring that they are ethically designed and implemented. Last year, for instance, the Neural Information Processing Systems (NeurIPS) conference introduced a new ethics-related requirement for all authors submitting AI-related research.
A NEW ADVANCED ANDROID MALWARE POSING AS SYSTEM UPDATE
In recent weeks, Zimperium zLabs researchers revealed unsecured cloud configurations exposing user data across thousands of legitimate Android and iOS applications. Now, zLabs is advising Android users about a clever and malicious new Android app.
RESEARCH: PHOTOVOLTAICS CAN MAKE THE WORLD FOSSIL-FREE FASTER THAN EXPECTED
A team of researchers led by Aarhus University and including experts from universities and knowledge institutions in the US, Europe, Japan and Australia has published an article in the prestigious scientific journal Joule confirming that the role of solar photovoltaic installations in future green energy systems ought to be significantly upgraded.
🗞 PHYSICS NEWS⚙♨:
STUDY IDENTIFIES A NEW TYPE OF DIURNAL EFFECT FOR COSMIC RAY-BOOSTED DARK MATTER
Over the past few decades, astrophysicists and cosmologists have gathered various observations hinting at the existence of dark matter (DM), a type of matter that does not absorb, reflect or emit light, and thus cannot be detected using conventional techniques for observing electromagnetic radiation. While physicists have predicted its existence based on astrophysical and cosmological observations, so far, DM has never been observed experimentally.
OBJECT CLASSIFICATION THROUGH A SINGLE-PIXEL DETECTOR
Machine vision systems have many applications, including self-driving cars, intelligent manufacturing, robotic surgery and biomedical imaging, among many others. Most of these machine vision systems use lens-based cameras, and after an image or video is captured, typically with a few megapixels per frame, a digital processor is used to perform machine-learning tasks, such as object classification and scene segmentation. Such a traditional machine vision architecture suffers from several drawbacks. First, the large amount of digital information makes it hard to achieve image/video analysis at high speed, especially using mobile and battery-powered devices. In addition, the captured images usually contain redundant information, which overwhelms the digital processor with a high computational burden, creating inefficiencies in terms of power and memory requirements. Moreover, beyond the visible wavelengths of light, fabricating high-pixel-count image sensors, such as what we have in our mobile phone cameras, is challenging and expensive, which limits the applications of standard machine vision methods at longer wavelengths, such as terahertz part of the spectrum.
INTERNATIONAL TEAM UNCOVERS MYSTERY BEHIND ‘COFFEE RING’ FORMATION
An international research team, led by Monash University, has discovered for the first time the mystery behind the formation of ‘coffee rings’ by examining the contact angle of droplets onto a surface, and how they dry.
🗞 EARTH NEWS🌏:
EXTRA 100 MILLION YEARS BEFORE EARTH SAW PERMANENT OXYGEN RISE
The permanent rise of oxygen in the Earth’s atmosphere, which fundamentally changed the subsequent nature of Earth’s habitability, occurred much later than thought, according to new research.
SCIENTISTS ZERO IN ON THE ROLE OF VOLCANOES IN THE DEMISE OF DINOSAURS
Earth has experienced five major mass extinction events over the past 500 million years. Massive volcanic eruptions have been identified as the major driver of the environmental changes that precipitated at least three of these extinction events. The fifth and most recent event—the end-Cretaceous mass extinction—occurred 66 million years ago and was responsible for wiping out dinosaurs. Researchers have long debated whether gas emissions from volcanic eruptions from the Deccan Traps (an enormous volcanic province located in India) or the impact of a large asteroid is most responsible for causing the climate changes that triggered that event. Now, a multi-institutional research team led by scientists from The Graduate Center, CUNY has analyzed the amount and timing of CO2 outgassing (one of the main gases released by the Deccan Traps) to further determine the role that volcanism played in climate shifts around the time of the end-Cretaceous mass extinction.
CITIES WORLDWIDE DIM LIGHTS TO MARK EARTH HOUR
Cities around the world were turning off their lights Saturday for Earth Hour, with this year’s event highlighting the link between the destruction of nature and increasing outbreaks of diseases like Covid-19
🗞 ASTRONOMY & SPACE NEWS🌪🎇:
ASTRONOMERS DISCOVER NEW GALAXY CLUSTERS HIDING IN PLAIN SIGHT
MIT astronomers have discovered new and unusual galactic neighborhoods that previous studies overlooked. Their results, published today, suggest that roughly 1 percent of galaxy clusters look atypical and can be easily misidentified as a single bright galaxy. As researchers launch new cluster-hunting telescopes, they must heed these findings or risk having an incomplete picture of the universe.
STELLAR EGGS NEAR GALACTIC CENTER HATCHING INTO BABY STARS
Astronomers found a number of baby stars hiding around the center of the Milky Way using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). Previous studies had suggested that the environment there is too harsh to form stars because of the strong tidal forces, strong magnetic fields, high energy particles, and frequent supernova explosions. These findings indicate that star formation is more resilient than researchers thought. These observations suggest there is ubiquitous star formation activity hidden deep in dense molecular gas, which may allow for the possibility of a future burst of star formation around the galactic center.
🗞 NANOTECHNOLOGY NEWS⛄☃:
METHOD OFFERS INEXPENSIVE IMAGING AT THE SCALE OF VIRUS PARTICLES
Using an ordinary light microscope, MIT engineers have devised a technique for imaging biological samples with accuracy at the scale of 10 nanometers—which should enable them to image viruses and potentially even single biomolecules, the researchers say.
SCIENTISTS USE NANOTECHNOLOGY TO DETECT BONE-HEALING STEM CELLS
Researchers at the University of Southampton have developed a new way of using nanomaterials to identify and enrich skeletal stem cells—a discovery which could eventually lead to new treatments for major bone fractures and the repair of lost or damaged bone.
THIS ULTRATHIN SENSOR COULD SAVE YOUR LUNGS—AND THE CLIMATE
Nitrogen dioxide, an air pollutant emitted by fossil fuel-powered cars and gas-burning stoves is not only bad for the climate—it’s bad for our health. Long-term exposure to NO2 has been linked to increased heart disease, respiratory diseases such as asthma, and infections.
Source:Technology News Channels
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