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Dear esteem reader,
Here is your SHAB TECHNOLOGY PLANET customized technology news for May 18, 2021.
Spotlight Stories Headlines
? TECHNOLOGY NEWS???:
AN ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK TO ACQUIRE GROUNDED REPRESENTATIONS OF ROBOT ACTIONS AND LANGUAGE
To best assist human users while they complete everyday tasks, robots should be able to understand their queries, answer them and perform actions accordingly. In other words, they should be able to flexibly generate and perform actions that are aligned with a user’s verbal instructions.
QUANTUM MECHANICS PAVES THE WAY FOR MORE STABLE ORGANIC SOLAR CELLS
Quantum mechanics can be used to create more stable and more easily produced organic solar cells. These are the findings of new research from the University of Gothenburg.
ACOUSTIC LIGHTHOUSE FIELD TESTS: ENGINEERED NOISE TO REDUCE BIRD-STRUCTURE COLLISIONS
The Delmarva Peninsula, which includes Virginia’s Eastern Shore, is the avian version of a southbound interstate during the fall migration of raptors and songbirds.
? PHYSICS NEWS⚙♨:
LOW-TEMPERATURE PHYSICS GIVES INSIGHT INTO TURBULENCE
A novel technique for studying vortices in quantum fluids has been developed by Lancaster physicists.
RESEARCHERS GENERATE TUNABLE TWIN PARTICLES OF LIGHT
Identical twins might seem ‘indistinguishable,’ but in the quantum world the word takes on a new level of meaning. While identical twins share many traits, the universe treats two indistinguishable quantum particles as intrinsically interchangeable. This opens the door for indistinguishable particles to interact in unique ways—such as in quantum interference—that are needed for quantum computers.
RESEARCHERS DEVELOP MAGNETIC THIN FILM FOR SPIN-THERMOELECTRIC ENERGY CONVERSION
A team of researchers, affiliated with UNIST has recently introduced a new class of magnetic materials for spin caloritronics. Published in the February 2021 issue of Nature Communications, the demonstrated STE applications of a new class of magnets will pave the way for versatile recycling of ubiquitous waste heat. This breakthrough has been led by Professor Jung-Woo Yoo and his research team in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at UNIST.
? EARTH NEWS?:
DISCOVERY OF NEW GEOLOGIC PROCESS CALLS FOR CHANGES TO PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE
Geoscientists at the University of Toronto (U of T) and Istanbul Technical University have discovered a new process in plate tectonics which shows that tremendous damage occurs to areas of Earth’s crust long before it should be geologically altered by known plate-boundary processes, highlighting the need to amend current understandings of the planet’s tectonic cycle.
TEAM UNRAVELS MYSTERIES OF CARBON RELEASE IN PERMAFROST SOILS
Like detectives, Argonne scientists are studying clues from the release of carbon in thawing permafrost regions, piecing the clues together to create detailed maps to predict the impact of rising global temperatures on future greenhouse gas emissions.
1.5° C DEGROWTH SCENARIOS SUGGEST NEED FOR NEW MITIGATION PATHWAYS
The first comprehensive comparison of ‘degrowth’ scenarios with established pathways to limit climate change highlights the risk of over-reliance on carbon dioxide removal, renewable energy and energy efficiency to support continued global growth—which is assumed in established global climate modeling.
? ASTRONOMY & SPACE NEWS??:
SCIENTISTS CATCH EXCITING MAGNETIC WAVES IN ACTION IN THE SUN’S PHOTOSPHERE
Researchers have confirmed the existence of magnetic plasma waves, known as Alfvén waves, in the Sun’s photosphere. The study, published in Nature Astronomy, provides new insights into these fascinating waves that were first discovered by the Nobel Prize winning scientist Hannes Alfvén in 1947.
UNDERSTANDING ASTRONAUT MUSCLE WASTING AT THE MOLECULAR LEVEL
Researchers from the University of Tsukuba have sent mice into space to explore effects of spaceflight and reduced gravity on muscle atrophy, or wasting, at the molecular level.
SPACE TELESCOPE’S GOLDEN MIRROR WINGS OPEN ONE LAST TIME ON EARTH
For the last time while it is on Earth, the world’s largest and most powerful space science telescope opened its iconic primary mirror. This event marked a key milestone in preparing the observatory for launch later this year.
? NANOTECHNOLOGY NEWS⛄☃:
GRAPHENE KEY FOR NOVEL HARDWARE SECURITY
As more private data is stored and shared digitally, researchers are exploring new ways to protect data against attacks from bad actors. Current silicon technology exploits microscopic differences between computing components to create secure keys, but artificial intelligence (AI) techniques can be used to predict these keys and gain access to data. Now, Penn State researchers have designed a way to make the encrypted keys harder to crack.
FLUORINATED INTERPHASE BOLSTERS WATER-BASED ZINC BATTERY
A research team in the University of Maryland (UMD) Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering (ChBE) has achieved another breakthrough in metallic zinc battery chemistry—after innovating a zinc-air battery cathode reported in Science earlier this year—this time specific to the anode.
NANOSCALE DEFECTS COULD BOOST ENERGY STORAGE MATERIALS
Some imperfections pay big dividends.
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